In collaboration with Payame Noor University and Iranian Association for Energy Economics (IRAEE)

Document Type : Quarterly Journal


1 Ph.D. candidate in Finance at Islamic Azad University, South Tehran Branch

2 Assistant Professor of Economics at Islamic Azad University, Central Tehran Branch

3 Associate Professor of Accounting at Islamic Azad University, East Tehran branch

4 Assistant Professor of Accounting at Islamic Azad University, South Tehran Branch


The tourism industry is the largest and most diverse industry in the world. The impact of tourism on increasing employment and foreign exchange earnings, the prosperity of domestic industries, the expansion of international cooperation has changed the attitude of countries around the world and has found an important place in government policy. Therefore, in this study, the orthogonal effect of financial development and tourism on economic growth in Iran has been modeled using the factor-augmented vector regression model (FAVAR) combined with the model of variable parameters over time (TVP). And using time series data during the years 1363 to 1397 has been studied. The results show that there is a positive and significant relationship between economic growth and tourism and a positive and significant relationship between economic growth and financial development. Financial development such as easy turnover in the country of origin and the simple use of financial instruments to finance tourists play an important role in the growth of this industry. Just as increased financial development leads to economic growth, so does economic growth lead to improved infrastructure and the development of the tourism industry.


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