مطالعه وضعیت رد پای کربن، متان و اکسید نیتروژن زیربخش‌های کشاورزی در مقایسه با سایر بخش‌های اقتصادی در ایران با رهیافت ماتریس حسابداری اجتماعی (SAM)

نویسندگان

1 دانشیار گروه اقتصاد دانشگاه تبریز، ایران

2 استادیار گروه اقتصاد دانشگاه تبریز، ایران

3 استاد گروه اقتصاد دانشگاه تبریز، ایران

4 دانشجوی دکتری اقتصاد دانشگاه تبریز

چکیده

در چند دهه اخیر انتشار بیشتر آلاینده‌های ناشی از مصرف انرژی، اثرات مخرب بیشتری بر محیط زیست گذاشته است. سهم برخی بخش‌های تولیدی نسبت به سایر بخش‌ها بیشتر بوده و از کشوری به کشور دیگر ممکن است متفاوت باشد. این در حالی است که هر کشور با توجه به موقعیت زیستی‌اش ظرفیتی در جذب آلاینده‌ها دارد. کربن، متان و اکسید نیتروژن از مهم‌ترین گازهای گلخانه‌ای به شمار می‌روند که با انتشار بیش از ظرفیت زیستی آنها اثرات مخرب بر محیط زیست پیرامون وارد می‌شود. در این پژوهش رد پای این سه گاز زیربخش‌های کشاورزی با استفاده از روش ماتریس حسابداری اجتماعی سال 1390 مورد مطالعه قرار گرفته است. نتایج حاکی از این است که کل رد پای کربن، متان و اکسید نیتروژن بخش‌های اقتصادی به ترتیب 646 میلیون تن، 51 هزار تن و 12 هزار تن است که سهم بخش کشاورزی 2/10 درصد، 5/10 درصد و 17 درصد است. زیربخش‌های گندم و پرورش دام و طیور بیشترین رد پا را دارند.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Study of The Carbon, Methane and Nitrous Oxide Footprint in Iran's Agricultural Sub-Sectors Compared to Other Economic Sectors: The Social Accounting Matrix (SAM) Approach

نویسندگان [English]

  • Seyed Kamal Sadeghi 1
  • Zahra Karimi Takanlou 2
  • Mohammad Ali Motefakker Azad 3
  • Hossein Asgharpour Ghourchi 1
  • Yaghoub Andayesh 4
4 Ph.D. Student of Economics, Tabriz University, Iran
چکیده [English]

In recent decades the more releaseing emissions from energy consumption, have had more damaging effects on the environment. The share of some of the manufacturing sectors have been more than other sectors and may vary from one country to another one. However, each country have the capacity to absorb pollutants by its biological status. Carbon, Methane and Nitrous Oxide are the most important greenhouse gases that are emitted more than their biological potentials having harmful effects on the environment. In this paper, the footprint of these gases of agriculture sub-sectors is studied by using Social Accounting Matrix 1390. The results indicate that the total Carbon footprint, Methane and Nitrous Oxide are respectively 646 million tons, 51 thousand tons and 12 thousand tons and the share of agriculture sectors are 10.2 percent, 10.5 percent and 17 percent.Sub-sectors of wheat and animal husbandry have the biggest footprints.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Sustainable Development
  • Carbon
  • Methane and Nitrous Oxide Footprint
  • Social Accounting Matrix and Agricultural Sub-Sectors
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